Archives

Archives

RFA White Papers

 

Response to U. of Minnesota Study Published by PNAS
December 18, 2014 – View PDF

Celebrating Seven Years of the Renewable Fuel Standard
December 17, 2014 – View PDF

Evidence of E85 Price Gouging? A Case Study of the St. Louis E85 Market
October 2014 – View PDF

Corn Prices are Plunging… So What About Retail Food Prices?
September 2014 – View PDF

Protecting the Monopoly: How Big Oil Covertly Blocks the Sale of Renewable Fuels
July 2014 – View PDFView consumer choice report card 

RFA AP Ethanol/Enviro Fact Check
November 2013
View fact sheet
View response to flawed Liska study
View RFA answers to AP Q&A

EPA’s Proposed 2014 RVO Damages U.S. Economic, Energy & Environmental Policy
October 2013 – View PDF

Using E85 to Conquer the E10 Blend Wall and Comply with the RFS in 2013
July 2013 – View PDF

RFS Flexibility Provisions
View PDF

Big Oil’s Self-Inflicted Blend Wall and Its Impact on RIN Pricing
View PDF

No Correlation Between Retail Gas Prices and Ethanol RIN Prices
View PDF

What Role Did Speculation Play in the March 2013 RIN Price Spike?
View PDF

Ethanol & The Environment

 

Ethanol: The Complete Energy Lifecycle Picture
U.S. Department of Energy
March 2007 – View PDF

Updated Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Results of Fuel Ethanol
Wang, M., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory
September 26-28, 2005 – View PDF

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from U.S. Transportation
Greene, D.L., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Schafer, A., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (for Pew Center on Global Climate Change)
May 2003 – View PDF

The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update
Shapouri, H., USDA, Duffield, J.A., USDA, & Wang, M., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory (for USDA-Office of the Chief Economist)
July 2002 – View PDF

Allocation Procedure in Ethanol Production System from Corn Grain
Kim, S., and Dale, B.E., Michigan State University
May 7, 2002 – View PDF

A Rebuttal to “Ethanol Fuels: Energy, Economics and Environmental Impacts” by D. Pimentel
Graboski, M.S., Colorado School of Mines, and McClelland, J., National Corn Growers Association
April 2002 – View PDF

Volume 1: Well-to-Wheel Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Advanced Fuel/Vehicle Systems – North American Analysis – Executive Summary Report
General Motors Corp., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory, BP, ExxonMobil, and Shell
June 2001 – View PDF

Effects of Fuel Ethanol Use on Fuel-Cycle Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Wang, M., Saricks, C., & Santini, D., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory
January 1999 – View PDF

Fuel-Cycle Fossil Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Fuel Ethanol Produced from U.S. Midwest Corn
Wang, M., Saricks, C., & Wu, M., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory (for Illinois Department of Commerce and Community Affairs)
December 1, 1997 – View PDF

How Much Energy Does it Take to Make a Gallon of Ethanol?
Lorenz, D., and Morris, D., Institute for Local Self-Reliance
August 1995 – View PDF

Estimating the Net Energy Balance of Corn-Ethanol
Shapouri, H., Duffield, J.A., & Graboski, M.S., , U.S. Department of Agriculture
July 1995 – View PDF

 

Human Health & Air Quality

 

Regulated and Unregulated Exhaust Emissions Comparison for Three Tier II Non-Road Diesel Engines Operating on Ethanol-Diesel Blends
Merritt, P.M., Southwest Research Institute, Ulmet, V., Southwest Research Institute, McCormick, R.L., U.S. DOE-National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mitchell, W.E., WM Consulting, Inc., & Baumgard, K.J., John Deere Power Systems
May 2005 – View PDF

Ethanol – Its Use in Gasoline: Expected Impacts and Comments of Expert Reviewers
Armstrong, S.R., Cambridge Environmental, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
April 5, 2000 – View PDF

The Fate and Transport of Ethanol-Blended Gasoline in the Environment: A Literature Review and Transport Modeling
Ulrich, G., Surbec-Art Environmental, LLC (for Governors’ Ethanol Coalition)
October 27, 1999 – View PDF

Regression Modeling of Oxyfuel Effects on Ambient CO Concentrations
Whitten, G.Z., Cohen, J.P., & Kuklin, A.M., Systems Applications International, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association and Oxygenated Fuels Association)
January 8, 1997 – View PDF

 

Sustainability

 

Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply
Perlack, R.D., et al., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory and U.S. Department of Agriculture (for U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
April 2005 – View PDF

Ethanol and the 2010 Corn Crop
Renewable Fuels Association
October 2010 – View PDF

Ethanol, Barley, and Beer
Urbanchuk, J., LECG LLC
July 2007 – View PDF

Have higher corn prices really driven consumer food prices higher in the last six months?
National Corn Growers Association
April 2007 – View PDF

Replacing the Volume & Octane Loss of Removing MTBE from Reformulated Gasoline: Ethanol RFG vs. All Hydrocarbon RFG
Reynolds, R.E., Downstream Alternatives, Inc.
May 2004 – View PDF

Removing MTBE from Gasoline: Implications for the Northeast Gasoline Supply, Volume 1 – Report of the Northeast MTBE Roundtable
CONEG Policy Research Center, Inc. (for U.S. DOE-Northeast Regional Biomass Program)
April 2004 – View PDF

Renewable Fuel Standard

 

RFS2 Final Rule Lifecycle GHG Analysis “By the Numbers”

Renewable Fuels Association
February 2010 – View PDF

The Potential Role for Corn Ethanol in Meeting the Energy Needs of the United States in 2016-2030
Korves, R., ProExporter Network (for Illinois Corn Marketing Board)
October 2008 – View PDF

Overview of the RFS Program Requirements
Lawrence, G., and Christian, S., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
May 11. 2007 – View PDF

RINSTAR Renewable Fuel Credit Management System
Renewable Fuels Association
May 11. 2007 – View PDF

Overview of the RFS Program Requirements or “The Program Starts THIS Year!?”
Korotney, D., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
May 10. 2007 – View PDF

The Central Data Exchange (CDX): It’s how you report
Christian, S., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
May 10. 2007 – View PDF

Compliance and Enforcement
Bennett, M., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
May 10. 2007 – View PDF

Registration, Recordkeeping, and Reporting Requirements
Weihrauch, J., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
May 10. 2007 – View PDF

Ethanol Industry’s Responsibility Under The RFS Program
Redding, J., Aventine Renewable Energy, Inc.
May 10. 2007 – View PDF

Issue Brief – Renewable Energy Tax Provisions: The Energy Policy Act of 2005 – H.R. 6
Renewable Fuels Association
July 28, 2005 – View PDF

Issue Brief – Title II: Renewable Energy – Bioenergy/Bioproducts – The Energy Policy Act of 2005 – H.R. 6, Section-by-Section Summary
Renewable Fuels Association
July 28, 2005 – View PDF

Issue Brief – Summary RFS and Renewable Tax Provisions: The Energy Policy Act of 2005 – Conference Report – HR 6
Renewable Fuels Association
July 28, 2005 – View PDF

Domenici-Barton Energy Policy Act of 2005: Conference Report (To accompany H.R. 6)
U.S. House of Representatives
July 27, 2005 – View PDF

Memorandum: Economic impact of an 8 billion-gallon RFS by 2012
Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC
May 23, 2005 – View PDF

Consumer Impacts of the Renewable Fuel Standard
Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC
May 2003 – View PDF

An Economic Analysis of Legislation for a Renewable Fuels Requirement for Highway Motor Fuels
Urbanchuk, J.M., AUS Consultants
November 2001 – View PDF

Importance of the VEETC to the U.S. Economy and the Ethanol Industry
Urbanchuk, J.M., ENTRIX, Inc.
February 10, 2010 – View PDF

Economic Contribution of the Partial Exemption for Ethanol From the Federal Excise Tax on Motor Fuel: Increased revenues and reduced dependence on foreign oil
Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC
November 2008 – View PDF

Oil Slickers: How Petroleum Benefits at the Taxpayer’s Expense
Wahl, J.B., Institute for Local Self-Reliance
August 1996 – View PDF

Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States [in 2006]
Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC (for Renewable Fuels Association)
February 19, 2007 – View PDF

Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States [in 2005]
Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC (for Renewable Fuels Association)
February 21, 2006 – View PDF

Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States [in 2004]
Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC (for Renewable Fuels Association)
January 10, 2005 – View PDF

Economic Impact of the Ethanol Industry in Minnesota
Minnesota Department of Agriculture
May 2003 – View PDF

Ethanol and the Local Community
Urbanchuk, J.M., AUS Consultants, and Kapell, J., SJH & Company
June 20, 2002 – View PDF

The Economic Impact of the Demand for Ethanol
Evans, M.K., Northwestern University (for Midwest Governors’ Conference)
February 1997 – View PDF

Ethanol & Petroleum Markets

 

Bringing Biofuels to the Pump: An Aggressive Plan for Ending America’s Oil Dependence

Greene, N., and Mugica, Y., Natural Resources Defense Council
July 2005 – View PDF

Over a Barrel: Why Aren’t Oil Companies Using Ethanol to Lower Gasoline Prices?
Cooper, M., Consumer Federation of America
May 2005 – View PDF

Ethanol and Gasoline Prices
Urbanchuk, J., LECG LLC
May 26, 2004 – View PDF

2004 Gasoline Price Increases: An Analysis
Speir, R.A., Innovation and Information Consultants, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
March 31, 2004 – View PDF

Infrastructure Requirements for an Expanded Fuel Ethanol Industry
Reynold, R.E., Downstream Alternatives, Inc. (for U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
January 15, 2002 – View PDF

Refining Industry Preparation for California CBG3: An Analysis of Refinery Plans Filed Under the California Environmental Quality Act California CBG3 Modifications
Graboski, Colorado School of Mines, and Reynolds, R., Downstream Alternatives, Inc.
September 2001 – View PDF

Ethanol’s Role in Mitigating the Adverse Impact of Rising Energy Costs on U.S. Economic Growth
Urbanchuk, J.M., AUS Consultants
February 2001 – View PDF

The Current Fuel Ethanol Industry: Transportation, Marketing, Distribution, and Technical Considerations
Reynolds, R.E., Downstream Alternatives, Inc. (for U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
May 15, 2000 – View PDF

Ability of the U.S. Ethanol Industry to Replace MTBE
Urbanchuk, J.M., AUS Consultants (for Governors’ Ethanol Coalition)
March 20, 2000 – View PDF