Reports and Studies: Archives

Ethanol & the Environment

Lifecycle Energy & Greenhouse Gas Impacts

  • Ethanol: The Complete Energy Lifecycle Picture
    U.S. Department of Energy
    March 2007
    View PDF
  • Updated Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Results of Fuel Ethanol
    Wang, M., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory
    September 26, 2005
    View PDF
  • Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from U.S. Transportation
    Greene, D.L., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Schafer, A., Massachusetts Institute of Technology (for Pew Center on Global Climate Change)
    May 2003
    View PDF
  • The Energy Balance of Corn Ethanol: An Update
    Shapouri, H., USDA, Duffield, J.A., USDA, & Wang, M., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory (for USDA-Office of the Chief Economist)
    July 2002
    View PDF
  • Allocation Procedure in Ethanol Production System from Corn Grain
    Kim, S., and Dale, B.E., Michigan State University
    May 7, 2002
    View PDF
  • A Rebuttal to "Ethanol Fuels: Energy, Economics and Environmental Impacts" by D. Pimentel
    Graboski, M.S., Colorado School of Mines, and McClelland, J., National Corn Growers Association
    April 30, 2002
    View PDF
  • Volume 1: Well-to-Wheel Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Advanced Fuel/Vehicle Systems - North American Analysis - Executive Summary Report
    General Motors Corp., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory, BP, ExxonMobil, and Shell
    June 2001
    View PDF
  • Effects of Fuel Ethanol Use on Fuel-Cycle Energy and Greenhouse Gas Emissions
    Wang, M., Saricks, C., & Santini, D., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory
    January 1999
    View PDF
  • Fuel-Cycle Fossil Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Fuel Ethanol Produced from U.S. Midwest Corn
    Wang, M., Saricks, C., & Wu, M., U.S. DOE-Argonne National Laboratory (for Illinois Department of Commerce and Community Affairs)
    December 19, 1997
    View PDF
  • How Much Energy Does it Take to Make a Gallon of Ethanol?
    Lorenz, D., and Morris, D., Institute for Local Self-Reliance
    August 1995
    View PDF
  • Estimating the Net Energy Balance of Corn-Ethanol
    Shapouri, H., Duffield, J.A., & Graboski, M.S., , U.S. Department of Agriculture
    July 1995
    View PDF

Land Use Impacts

  • -

Human Health & Air Quality

  • Regulated and Unregulated Exhaust Emissions Comparison for Three Tier II Non-Road Diesel Engines Operating on Ethanol-Diesel Blends
    Merritt, P.M., Southwest Research Institute, Ulmet, V., Southwest Research Institute, McCormick, R.L., U.S. DOE-National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mitchell, W.E., WM Consulting, Inc., & Baumgard, K.J., John Deere Power Systems
    May 2005
    View PDF
  • Air Quality Impacts of Ethanol in California Gasoline
    Systems Applications International, Inc.
    May 31, 2000
    View PDF
  • Ethanol - Its Use in Gasoline: Expected Impacts and Comments of Expert Reviewers
    Armstrong, S.R., Cambridge Environmental, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    April 5, 2000
    View PDF
  • The Fate and Transport of Ethanol-Blended Gasoline in the Environment: A Literature Review and Transport Modeling
    Ulrich, G., Surbec-Art Environmental, LLC (for Governors' Ethanol Coalition)
    October 27, 1999
    View PDF
  • Ethanol: Brief Report on its Use in Gasoline
    Armstrong, S.R., Cambridge Environmental, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    March 2, 1999
    View PDF
  • Oxyfuels' Ability to Curb Carbon Monoxide Pollution: Regression Modeling of Oxyfuel Effects on Ambient CO Concentrations
    Whitten, G.Z., Cohen, J.P., & Kuklin, A.M., Systems Applications International, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association and Oxygenated Fuels Association)
    January 8, 1997
    View PDF

Sustainability

  • Biomass as Feedstock for a Bioenergy and Bioproducts Industry: The Technical Feasibility of a Billion-Ton Annual Supply
    Perlack, R.D., et al., U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory and U.S. Department of Agriculture (for U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
    April 2005
    View PDF

Water Use

  • -

 


 

Renewable Fuel Standard

  • RFS2 Final Rule Lifecycle GHG Analysis "By the Numbers"
    Renewable Fuels Association
    February 3, 2010
    View PDF
  • The Potential Role for Corn Ethanol in Meeting the Energy Needs of the United States in 2016-2030
    Korves, R., ProExporter Network (for Illinois Corn Marketing Board)
    October 2008
    View PDF
  • Overview of the RFS Program Requirements
    Lawrence, G., and Christian, S., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    August 22, 2007
    View PDF
  • Registration, Recordkeeping, and Reporting Requirements
    Lawrence, G., and Christian, S., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    August 22, 2007
    View PDF
  • RINSTAR Renewable Fuel Credit Management System
    McMartin, C., and Crowley, J., Clean Fuels Clearinghouse
    May 11, 2007
    View PDF
  • Overview of the RFS Program Requirements or "The Program Starts THIS Year!?"
    Korotney, D., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    May 10, 2007
    View PDF
  • The Central Data Exchange (CDX): Its how you report
    Christian, S., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    May 10, 2007
    View PDF
  • Compliance and Enforcement
    Bennett, M., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    May 10, 2007
    View PDF
  • Registration, Recordkeeping, and Reporting Requirements
    Weihrauch, J., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
    May 10, 2007
    View PDF
  • Ethanol Industry’s Responsibility Under The RFS Program
    Redding, J., Aventine Renewable Energy, Inc.
    May 10, 2007
    View PDF
  • Issue Brief - Renewable Energy Tax Provisions: The Energy Policy Act of 2005 - H.R. 6
    Renewable Fuels Association
    August 8, 2005
    View PDF
  • Issue Brief - Title II: Renewable Energy - Bioenergy/Bioproducts - The Energy Policy Act of 2005 - H.R. 6, Section-by-Section Summary
    Renewable Fuels Association
    August 8, 2005
    View PDF
  • Domenici-Barton Energy Policy Act of 2005: Conference Report (To accompany H.R. 6)
    U.S. House of Representatives
    July 26, 2005
    View PDF
  • Memorandum: Economic impact of an 8 billion-gallon RFS by 2012
    Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC
    May 23, 2005
    View PDF
  • Issue Brief - Summary RFS and Renewable Tax Provisions: The Energy Policy Act of 2005 - Conference Report - HR 6
    Renewable Fuels Association
    April 21, 2005
    View PDF
  • Consumer Impacts of the Renewable Fuel Standard
    Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC
    May 2003
    View PDF
  • An Economic Analysis of Legislation for a Renewable Fuels Requirement for Highway Motor Fuels
    Urbanchuk, J.M., AUS Consultants
    November 7, 2001
    View PDF

 


 

Ethanol & Food/Feed Market Impacts

  • Ethanol and the 2010 Corn Crop
    Renewable Fuels Association
    October 14, 2010
    View PDF
  • Ethanol, Barley and Beer
    Urbanchuk, J., LECG LLC
    July 2007
    View PDF
  • Have higher corn prices really driven consumer food prices higher in the last six months?
    National Corn Growers Association
    April 26, 2007
    View PDF

 


 

Ethanol & Petroleum Markets

  • Bringing Biofuels to the Pump: An Aggressive Plan for Ending America's Oil Dependence
    Greene, N., and Mugica, Y., Natural Resources Defense Council
    July 2005
    View PDF
  • Over a Barrel: Why Aren't Oil Companies Using Ethanol to Lower Gasoline Prices?
    Cooper, M., Consumer Federation of America
    May 2005
    View PDF
  • Ethanol and Gasoline Prices
    Urbanchuk, J., LECG LLC
    May 26, 2004
    View PDF
  • 2004 Gasoline Price Increases: An Analysis Summary
    Speir, R.A., Innovation and Information Consultants, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    March 31, 2004
    View PDF
  • Infrastructure Requirements for an Expanded Fuel Ethanol Industry
    Reynold, R.E., Downstream Alternatives, Inc. (for U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
    January 15, 2002
    View PDF
  • Refining Industry Preparation for California CBG3: An Analysis of Refinery Plans Filed Under the California Environmental Quality Act California CBG3 Modifications
    Graboski, Colorado School of Mines, and Reynolds, R., Downstream Alternatives, Inc.
    September 2001
    View PDF
  • Ethanol's Role in Mitigating the Adverse Impact of Rising Energy Costs on U.S. Economic Growth
    Urbanchuk, J.M., AUS Consultants
    February 2001
    View PDF
  • The Current Fuel Ethanol Industry: Transportation, Marketing, Distribution, and Technical Considerations
    Reynolds, R.E., Downstream Alternatives, Inc. (for U.S. DOE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory)
    May 15, 2000
    View PDF
  • The Use of Ethanol in California Clean Burning Gasoline: Ethanol Supply/Demand and Logistics - May 2000 Review and Update
    Downstream Alternatives, Inc. (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    May 2000
    View PDF
  • Ability of the U.S. Ethanol Industry to Replace MTBE
    Urbanchuk, J.M., AUS Consultants (for Governors' Ethanol Coalition)
    March 20, 2000
    View PDF
  • Economic Analysis of Replacing MTBE with Ethanol in the United States
    U.S. Department of Agriculture
    December 31, 1999
    View PDF
  • Comment on RFG/MTBE: Issues and Options in the Northeast
    Downstream Alternatives Inc. (for Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Management [NESCAUM])
    May 11, 1999
    View PDF

 


 

Energy Tax Policy

  • Importance of the VEETC to the U.S. Economy and the Ethanol Industry
    Urbanchuk, J.M., ENTRIX, Inc.
    March 18, 2010
    View PDF
  • Economic Contribution of the Partial Exemption for Ethanol From the Federal Excise Tax on Motor Fuel: Increased revenues and reduced dependence on foreign oil
    Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC
    November 18, 2008
    View PDF
  • Oil Slickers: How Petroleum Benefits at the Taxpayer's Expense
    Wahl, J.B., Institute for Local Self-Reliance
    August 1996
    View PDF

 


 

Mid-Level Blends, Octane & Fuel Properties

  • Replacing the Volume & Octane Loss of Removing MTBE from Reformulated Gasoline: Ethanol RFG vs. All Hydrocarbon RFG
    Reynolds, R.E., Downstream Alternatives, Inc.
    May 2004
    View PDF
  • Removing MTBE from Gasoline: Implications for the Northeast Gasoline Supply, Volume 1 - Report of the Northeast MTBE Roundtable
    CONEG Policy Research Center, Inc. (for U.S. DOE-Northeast Regional Biomass Program)
    April 2004
    View PDF

 


 

Ethanol Co-Products

  • -

 


 

Ethanol & the Economy

  • Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States [2006]
    Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    February 19, 2007
    View PDF
  • Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States [2005]
    Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    February 21, 2006
    View PDF
  • The Economic Impact of Ethanol Plants in South Dakota
    Stuefen, R.M., Stuefen Research, LLC
    December 27, 2005
    View PDF
  • Contribution of the Ethanol Industry to the Economy of the United States [2004]
    Urbanchuk, J.M., LECG LLC (for Renewable Fuels Association)
    January 10, 2005
    View PDF
  • Economic Impact of the Ethanol Industry in Minnesota
    Minnesota Department of Agriculture
    May 2003
    View PDF
  • Ethanol and the Local Community
    Urbanchuk, J.M., AUS Consultants, and Kapell, J., SJH & Company
    June 20, 2002
    View PDF
  • The Economic Impact of the Demand for Ethanol
    Evans, M.K., Northwestern University (for Midwest Governors' Conference)
    February 1997
    View PDF